Lowell mill girls and the factory system, 1840 a spotlight on a primary source by torin lowell, massachusetts, named in honor of francis cabot lowell, was founded in the early 1820s as a planned town for the manufacture of textiles. The following is a list of specific strikes (workers refusing to work in an attempt to change their conditions in a particular industry or individual workplace, or in solidarity with those in another particular workplace) and general strikes (widespread refusal of workers to work in an organized political campaign on a broader national or international level. Papers of lowell p weicker , jr, accession #13900, special collections, university of virginia library, charlottesville, va acquisition information these papers were donated to the university of virginia by lowell p weicker , jr in january 2007. The lowell mills strike of 1834 took place in lowell, massachusetts in 1834 the dominant work force in the lowell mills were young, rural, unmarried women working in the lowell mills was dangerous because the machinery could easily injure a young girl if she made a simple mistake.
Often times in a lengthy strike, the lost wages and loss of income to the company under a workers strike cannot be made up for in whatever the new labor agreement that is reached between the two. To strike or not to strike in 1830s lowell: a role play in this activity you will perform a role play of a talk show between lowell workers and factory owners. Letter from a lowell operative (1834) in this letter to a newspaper in lowell, massachusetts, a female operative encouraged her fellow workers to leave their looms and go out on strike. In feb 1834, 800 lowell women went on strike to protest a proposed reduction in their wages, marched trying to get others to join them, petitioned others,-the strike failed to reverse the proposed wage reductions-first strike in lowell is important because it took place-mill agents assumed an attitude of benevolent paternalism toward their female operatives-turned-out because the wage.
The lowell factory girls' strike was not the only one to occur in 1834 in dover, new hampshire , female cotton factory workers also turned out in february and march of that year, repudiating factory owners' attempts to lower their wages. Talk show on the lowell strike of 1834 or 1836 by john p spencer, american social history project in this activity, students work in small groups to read primary documents that reflect a variety of viewpoints on the 1834 and 1836 labor strikes by young female factory workers in lowell, massachusetts. The lowell historical society, in the heart of lowell massachusetts, an area rich in history, home to the lowell mills home 1834: the mill girls turn out first major strike in lowell belvidere annexed from tewksbury . The lowell mill girls go on strike, 1836 by harriet hanson robinson a group of boston capitalists built a major textile manufacturing center in lowell, massachusetts, in the. 1834 to 1836– workers at the lowell textile mills, mostly unmarried young girls and young women, institute “turnouts” protesting wage cuts that had been instituted due to falling prices due to overproduction.
In the 1830s, half a century before the better-known mass movements for workers' rights in the united states, the lowell mill women organized, went on strike and mobilized in politics when women couldn't even vote—and created the first union of working women in american history. More than 800 women mill workers in lowell turned out—went on strike—in february 1834 to protest a proposed wage reduction two weeks earlier, mill agents had posted identical broadsides in the mills notifying workers of the impending cuts. In 1834 the lowell girls banded together and marched in to the various textile mills and demanded better wages and to be treated better this was a big step for all women considering that in the early 1830’s they should have considered themselves lucky to be working at all.
The first lowell strike of 1834 was a bellwether of change in u s industry’s relations with labor though unsuccessful, it signaled the end of the labor relations ideal promoted in the “lowell experiment” lowell, massachusetts, has been famous as a center of the u s textile industry for. Women and work transformation of work and social life in the 19th century 1834 walk-out • 800 women (1/6th of the workforce) turned out to protest a proposed wage reduction 1836 lowell strike • occurred during an economic boom – when workers were in short supply. Using today's language, the lowell women of 1834 went on strike unfortunately for these young women, their strike didn't cause enough pain to be successful most of the strikers returned to work. Published: thu, 13 jul 2017 1834 in lowell, massachusetts chants of “union is power” could be heard as the young girls of lowell mills took to the streets to protest a wage cut of 15-20% to their already meager salaries.
The 1835 paterson textile strike took place in paterson, new jersey , involved more than 2,000 workers from 20 textile mills across the city the strikers, many of whom were children and of irish descent, were seeking a reduction in daily working hours from thirteen and a half hours to eleven hours. (1834) lowell mill girls strike first turnout of “mill girls” in lowell, massachusetts, to protest wage cuts more than 800 female mill workers in lowell, massachusetts strike to protest a wage reduction mill owners defeat the strike by hiring thugs and refusing to bargain. The official website of the polk county public school district in florida contains news, calendars, employment opportunities, and important information for parents, students, staff and the community. In 1834 and 1836 wage cuts, increasing rents in company housing, and speedups resulted in sporadic, unorganized, and rebellious outbursts the first activity in 1834 created great excitement, not only in lowell, but around the country.